The BSA Hornet was one of a few factory built “desert sleds” released in the 1950s and 60s by British motorcycle manufacturers specifically for the American market – where off-road motorcycle racing was a rapidly growing sport.

Perhaps the most famous of the desert sled racers was Steve McQueen, who often raced under the pseudonym Harvey Mushman to avoid giving away his identity. McQueen would include the BSA Hornet in an article he wrote for Popular Science magazine in 1966 about off road bikes.

Fast Facts – The BSA Hornet

  • The BSA Hornet was released in 1966, it was essentially an updated and revised version of the earlier BSA Spitfire Hornet which had proven a popular off road racing motorcycle in the United States – often competing against the likes of the Triumph TR6.
  • The Hornet, just like its predecessor, is powered by a 654cc parallel twin with a built-in 4-speed gearbox. It produces 53 bhp, it’s capable of a top speed of 102 mph, and it has a dry weight of 170 kgs or 380 lbs.
  • The BSA Hornet was only produced for 1966 and 1967, and it was only offered in the North American market – they were never sold new in Britain despite being built there.
  • The Hornet you see here is a well-preserved example that benefits from a recent engine rebuild and it competed in the Milano Taranto 1,500 Km Rally in 2018.

1966: The BSA Hornet Desert Sled Arrives

The BSA Hornet was a very closely related successor to the BSA Spitfire Hornet which had been first released in 1964. The Spitfire Hornet was developed in Britain but it would never be sold there, it was a motorcycle intended for the booming off road “desert sled” craze in the United States.

BSA Hornet Motorcycle Vintage Ad

Image DescriptionThe BSA Hornet was a popular choice for American desert racers in the 1960s, particularly after a win in the 24 Hour Marathon Championship in Vacaville, California in 1965 as noted by this period advertisement.

Triumph was the largest player in the California desert racing scene in the 1960s, the Triumph TR6C was the most successful motorcycle in its class and it inspired the creation of many competitors including the likes of the Norton P11, Matchless G15CS, and the BSA Spitfire Hornet.

The Spitfire Hornet had been built from a blank slate specifically for off road racing, desert racing in particular. It had a tubular steel frame, a small gas tank, high and wide braced handlebars so riders could stand and ride over rough terrain, fork gaiters, dual rear shock absorbers, a thickly padded seat, a high performance camshaft, and high compression pistons.

There was no attempt to make the Spitfire Hornet road legal, it came without a headlight or taillight and it was fitted with straight exhaust pipes with no muffler. Some riders did add these missing items and get them licensed, but most seem to have been kept in racing trim.

In 1966 the model was updated and the model name changed to just BSA Hornet, sans-Spitfire. These upgraded models got higher performance cams and higher compression pistons, the gear ratios were brought closer together for better sprint acceleration, and the brakes received cooling fins to help their performance in the heat of desert competition.

BSA Hornet Motorcycle 3

Image DescriptionThe engine is an air-cooled parallel-twin with overhead valves, dual carburetors, straight exhaust pipes, and 54 bhp.

By the late 1960s the lightweight two-stroke off road racing motorcycles made by the likes of Husqvarna were starting to show signs of what would become total dominance by the turn of the decade.

As a result of this the BSA Hornet was kept in production only from 1966 to 1967, it was discontinued for 1968.

Today the surviving examples of the model, the ones that weren’t wrecked in the desert or left to rust in a backyard somewhere, are seeing their prices increase as interest in both classic and off road motorcycling continues to climb.

The BSA Hornet Shown Here

The BSA Hornet you see here is from the final year of production, 1967, and it’s been fitted with a few items to ensure it’s road legal – in this case just a headlight and taillight with the exhaust remaining unmuffled.

In 2016 this Hornet was imported back into Britain and road registered, it then competed in the Milano Taranto 1,500 Km Rally in 2018 and it was set up to take part in the 2021 Malle Mile, but ultimately didn’t attend in the end.

It’s now being offered for sale out of Bristol in the United Kingdom from a small private collection of motorcycles. If you’d like to read more about it or register to bid you can visit the listing here on Collecting Cars.

BSA Hornet Motorcycle 2 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 22 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 21 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 20 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 19 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 18 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 17 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 16 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 15 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 14 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 13 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 12 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 11 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 10 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 9 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 8 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 7 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 6 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 5 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 1 BSA Hornet Motorcycle 4

Images courtesy of Collecting Cars

Published by Ben Branch -